The world's oldest terrorist
When Fidel Castro
was asking the US to extradite Luis Posada Carriles to Venezuela, he portrayed
himself as one of the world's greatest anti-terrorist leaders.
everything else that has to do with Castro, what he says and what the truth is,
are light years apart.
Castro is the
world's oldest living terrorist.
His 26 of July
movement used terrorism in his fight against Batista and later, Cuban trained
guerrillas have been using terrorism against democratically elected governments
in Latin America for 50 years.
Castro's 26 of July movement bombed stores, nightclubs and other public places,
without caring how many people died or were hurt.
Castro has also
trained and equipped Puerto Rican terrorists who have committed hundreds of
bombings and other acts of terrorism in Puerto Rico and also in the US.
Many of these
terrorists are considered fugitives by US authorities and are now living under
protection in Cuba.
From an article in
Human Events in 1981: "Since 1975, Puerto Rican terrorist groups have
perpetrated 260 acts of violence on the island, according to official count.
These range from bombings of banks, post offices and U.S. business enterprises
to blowing up electric power plants and assaulting military installations and
personnel. An estimated 70 or more violent attacks were committed on the
mainland during the same period, mostly by the FALN. Federal authorities have
revived their investigations into 31 unsolved bombings in New York City alone,
based on new information supplied by Alfredo Mendez." ......The "father of
the FALN," and in a sense of Puerto Rico's modern terrorist movement, is a
42-year-old Puerto Rican agent of Cuban intelligence who is wanted in Puerto
Rico for jumping $2,000 bail, Filiberto Inocencio Ojeda Rios. He founded and led
the very first of Puerto Rico's new terrorist groups, the Independent Armed
Revolutionary Movement (MIRA), in 1967. MIRA members received training and arms
in Cuba and became operational in early 1969, when they bombed a police station,
destroying two police cars, a bank and other enterprises."
Here are some photos and press
reports from the years when Castro was trying to overthrow the Batista
Revolution Rebel Terrorism by Dr. Antonio de la Cova, Latino Studies,
Indiana University, Bloomington
Broken glass litter San Rafael street
after a bomb
A pharmacy at the corner of 10 de Octubre and Santa
blast damaged a shoe store in May of
1957 Emilia in La Vibora, after it was bombed in May of 1957
New York Times Jan. 2, 1957 Page 4
2 Hurt in Havana Bomb Blast
Special to The New York Times
HAVANA, Jan 1 – Two young women were
seriously injured at 3 o’clock this morning when a bomb exploded in
the Tropicana night club here. The
right arm of one was so badly shattered that it had to be amputated.
Store front destroyed by another
bomb, one of 18 that Employees of La Estrella cleaning
up the debris after
exploded that night the explosion of a bomb
Debris from a bomb
that exploded at the very
popular corner of Galiano
and San Rafael streets
The New York Times
Feb. 16, 1957. p. 10.
Bomb Hurts 2 in Cuba
Another Blast Damages Aqueduct Near
Special to The New York Times
HAVANA, Feb. 15 –
Two women were
injured by a bomb explosion in Vedado, a residential section, last night.
The bomb damaged five automobiles,
the base of an electric light pole and a building in front of which the pole
was situated. One of the injured
women was Mrs. Hilda Llorente, 30 years old, who was passing in an automobile
driven by her husband. The other,
Amada Apesteguia, 40, was walking on the sidewalk.
Another bomb exploded at daybreak
under a bridge on the Guanabacoa Highway, causing damage to one of the
principal aqueduct pipes serving the
small town, which is near Havana.
The New York Times
February 21, 1957. p. 9.
Havana Bomb Injures 2
Woman and Youth Are Struck---Man Shot
Special to The New York Times.
HAVANA, Feb, 20—A bomb explosion last
night seriously injured a woman and a youth walking along a sidewalk.
The police said the bomb had been placed under a
The bullet-riddled body of another
young man was found in the rear of the Havana baseball stadium this morning. An
unexploded bomb lay nearby.
A campaign of terrorism is going on
in Cuba, where news is subject to censorship. Cuba suspended constitutional
guarantees Jan. 15 because of the
campaign, which has been under way since an attempted rebellion
Province in December.
New York Times
May 29, 1957. p.1,3.
Rebel Battles Reported in Cuba;
Dynamiters Cut Havana Utilities
By R. Hart Phillips
Special to The New York Times
HAVANA, May 28 –
Cuban Government troops fought a battle today with the rebel forces of Fidel
Castro at Uvero, near the coast in southeastern Cuba, the Army announced. Both
Government and rebel forces suffered casualties, the Government headquarters
said, but no number was given.
The action took
place near the southern coast of Oriente Province. A second battle was reported
across the province near the northern coast. According to Cuban Army
headquarters, Government troops there clashed for the first time with insurgents
who had landed from a yacht last Friday. Sixteen rebels were killed in the
battle, an announcement said.
added that Government troops had suffered no casualties and were pressing their
pursuit of the insurgents.
meanwhile, an underground dynamite explosion knocked out the city’s power
system. The blast was attributed to terrorists.
soldiers under the command of Col. Fermin Cowley, chief of the Holguin military
district, were reported pursuing the insurgents near the northern coast of
were said to have hindered the operation, which was taking place in the Sierra
del Cristal, just south of the Nicaro nickel plant owned by the United States
Government said only twenty-seven rebels had landed from the eighty-foot yacht
Corinthia in the secluded bay of Carbonico. The army reported five had been
Oriente, however, put the number of attackers at 150. They have split up into
groups of fifty each and are armed with rifles equipped with telescopic sights
and with machine guns, according to the stories told by residents of the area
who say they have seen them.
authorities say the rebel invaders are headed by Calixto Sanchez, World War II
aviator who until several months ago was a union delegate of the air workers at
the International José Marti Airport, which serves Havana. Señor Sanchez fled to
Miami when accused of being implicated in the attack on the Presidential Palace
last March 13.
It is noted here
that the Sierra del Cristal is a rocky area, unlike the jungle-covered Sierra
Maestra on the south coast of Oriente Province where Señor Castro, leader of the
“26th of July” revolutionary movement, has been pinned down since last December
when he landed with his expedition.
The Sierra del
Cristal do not offer facilities for obtaining food and water as do the Sierra
The Army reports
that at a place in the Sierra del Cristal known as Zollita, a quantity of
armament, radio and other equipment was found, apparently abandoned by the
rebels fleeing deeper into mountains.
surrounded a building in Cienfuegos and captured thirty-five insurgents after a
brief battle, said a report from there.
In the Havana
terrorism, electricity was cut off by the dynamiting of a gas and electric
distribution center. The city’s suburbs were not affected. A policeman, a woman
and daughter and a 78-year-old man were injured. According to the police,
terrorists had rented a house and dug a tunnel under the street to reach the
distribution center. Dirt from the tunnel was found in the kitchen of the house.
Most of the morning newspapers were just getting ready to go to press at the
time of the explosion and failed to publish.
throughout the business district in Havana were put out of commission. An
official of the telephone company said the emergency plant would be unable to
carry the load and that within a few hours possibly all of Havana would be
stores, such as El Encanto and Fin De Siglo, which depend on electric power for
air conditioning and lights did not open today.
The Cuban Electric
company announced late today that damage was more extensive than first estimated
and that possibly forty-eight hours would be required to repair it. The
downtown section of Havana was blacked out tonight as authorities strove to
prevent further bombings and sabotage. Automobile and pedestrian traffic
ceased. All cafes, bars, night clubs and motion picture theatres in the section
were closed. Powerful searchlights at the Cabana fortress across the bay from
Havana were turned on the city to aid the police in maintaining order.
In the Vedado
residential section a bomb exploded at an intersection, damaging two automobiles
parked near by and the home of Dr. Andres Morales del Castillo, Secretary to the