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The world's oldest terrorist

 

When Fidel Castro was asking the US to extradite Luis Posada Carriles to Venezuela, he portrayed himself as one of the world's greatest anti-terrorist leaders.

But like everything else that has to do with Castro, what he says and what the truth is, are light years apart.

Castro is the world's oldest living terrorist.

His 26 of July movement used terrorism in his fight against Batista and later, Cuban trained guerrillas have been using terrorism against democratically elected governments in Latin America for 50 years.

Members of Castro's 26 of July movement bombed stores, nightclubs and other public places, without caring how many people died or were hurt.

Castro has also trained and equipped Puerto Rican terrorists who have committed hundreds of bombings and other acts of terrorism in Puerto Rico and also in the US.

Many of these terrorists are considered fugitives by US authorities and are now living under protection in Cuba.

 

From an article in Human Events in 1981: "Since 1975, Puerto Rican terrorist groups have perpetrated 260 acts of violence on the island, according to official count. These range from bombings of banks, post offices and U.S. business enterprises to blowing up electric power plants and assaulting military installations and personnel. An estimated 70 or more violent attacks were committed on the mainland during the same period, mostly by the FALN. Federal authorities have revived their investigations into 31 unsolved bombings in New York City alone, based on new information supplied by Alfredo Mendez." ......The "father of the FALN," and in a sense of Puerto Rico's modern terrorist movement, is a 42-year-old Puerto Rican agent of Cuban intelligence who is wanted in Puerto Rico for jumping $2,000 bail, Filiberto Inocencio Ojeda Rios. He founded and led the very first of Puerto Rico's new terrorist groups, the Independent Armed Revolutionary Movement (MIRA), in 1967. MIRA members received training and arms in Cuba and became operational in early 1969, when they bombed a police station, destroying two police cars, a bank and other enterprises."

 

Here are some photos and press reports from the years when Castro was trying to overthrow the Batista government:

From The Cuban Revolution Rebel Terrorism by Dr. Antonio de la Cova, Latino Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington

 

   

Broken glass litter San Rafael street after a bomb                 A pharmacy at the corner of 10 de Octubre and Santa

blast damaged a shoe store in May of 1957                           Emilia in La Vibora, after it was bombed in May of 1957

New York Times Jan. 2, 1957 Page 4

2 Hurt in Havana Bomb Blast

Special to The New York Times

HAVANA, Jan 1 – Two young women were seriously injured at 3 o’clock this morning when a bomb exploded in

the Tropicana night club here. The right arm of one was so badly shattered that it had to be amputated.

 

  

Store front destroyed by another bomb, one of 18 that          Employees of La Estrella cleaning up the debris after

exploded that night                                                                     the explosion of a bomb

 

Debris from a bomb that exploded at the very        

popular corner of Galiano and San Rafael streets      

 

The New York Times

Feb. 16, 1957. p. 10.

 

Bomb Hurts 2 in Cuba

Another Blast Damages Aqueduct Near Havana

Special to The New York Times

HAVANA, Feb. 15 – Two women were injured by a bomb explosion in Vedado, a residential section, last night.

The bomb damaged five automobiles, the base of an electric light pole and a building in front of which the pole

was situated. One of the injured women was Mrs. Hilda Llorente, 30 years old, who was passing in an automobile

driven by her husband. The other, Amada Apesteguia, 40, was walking on the sidewalk.

Another bomb exploded at daybreak under a bridge on the Guanabacoa Highway, causing damage to one of the

principal aqueduct pipes serving the small town, which is near Havana.

 

The New York Times

February 21, 1957. p. 9.

Havana Bomb Injures 2

Woman and Youth Are Struck---Man Shot to Death

Special to The New York Times.

HAVANA, Feb, 20—A bomb explosion last night seriously injured a woman and a youth walking along a sidewalk.

The police said the bomb had been placed under a parked automobile.

The bullet-riddled body of another young man was found in the rear of the Havana baseball stadium this morning. An

unexploded bomb lay nearby.

A campaign of terrorism is going on in Cuba, where news is subject to censorship. Cuba suspended constitutional

guarantees Jan. 15 because of the terrorist campaign, which has been under way since an attempted rebellion

in Oriente Province in December.

 

New York Times

May 29, 1957. p.1,3.

 

Rebel Battles Reported in Cuba; Dynamiters Cut Havana Utilities

By R. Hart Phillips

Special to The New York Times

HAVANA, May 28 – Cuban Government troops fought a battle today with the rebel forces of Fidel Castro at Uvero, near the coast in southeastern Cuba, the Army announced. Both Government and rebel forces suffered casualties, the Government headquarters said, but no number was given.

 

The  action took place near the southern coast of Oriente Province. A second battle was reported across the province near the northern coast. According to Cuban Army headquarters, Government troops there clashed for the first time with insurgents who had landed from a yacht last Friday. Sixteen rebels were killed in the battle, an announcement said.

Army headquarters added that Government troops had suffered no casualties and were pressing their pursuit of the insurgents.

In Havana, meanwhile, an underground dynamite explosion knocked out the city’s power system. The blast was attributed to terrorists.

 

Four hundred soldiers under the command of Col. Fermin Cowley, chief of the Holguin military district, were reported pursuing the insurgents near the northern coast of Oriente Province.

Torrential rains were said to have hindered the operation, which was taking place in the Sierra del Cristal, just south of the Nicaro nickel plant owned by the United States Government.

The Batista Government said only twenty-seven rebels had landed from the eighty-foot yacht Corinthia in the secluded bay of Carbonico. The army reported five had been captured.

Reports from Oriente, however, put the number of attackers at 150. They have split up into groups of fifty each and are armed with rifles equipped with telescopic sights and with machine guns, according to the stories told by residents of the area who say they have seen them.

 

Government authorities say the rebel invaders are headed by Calixto Sanchez, World War II aviator who until several months ago was a union delegate of the air workers at the International José Marti Airport, which serves Havana. Señor Sanchez fled to Miami when accused of being implicated in the attack on the Presidential Palace last March 13.

 

Difference in Terrain

It is noted here that the Sierra del Cristal is a rocky area, unlike the jungle-covered Sierra Maestra on the south coast of Oriente Province where Señor Castro, leader of the “26th of July” revolutionary movement, has been pinned down since last December when he landed with his expedition.

The Sierra del Cristal do not offer facilities for obtaining food and water as do the Sierra Maestra.

The Army reports that at a place in the Sierra del Cristal known as Zollita, a quantity of armament, radio and other equipment was found, apparently abandoned by the rebels fleeing deeper into mountains.

The Army surrounded a building in Cienfuegos and captured thirty-five insurgents after a brief battle, said a report from there.

In the Havana terrorism, electricity was cut off by the dynamiting of a gas and electric distribution center. The city’s suburbs were not affected. A policeman, a woman and daughter and a 78-year-old man were injured. According to the police, terrorists had rented a house and dug a tunnel under the street to reach the distribution center. Dirt from the tunnel was found in the kitchen of the house. Most of the morning newspapers were just getting ready to go to press at the time of the explosion and failed to publish.

Telephones throughout the business district in Havana were put out of commission. An official of the telephone company said the emergency plant would be unable to carry the load and that within a few hours possibly all of Havana would be without service.

Big department stores, such as El Encanto and Fin De Siglo, which depend on electric power for air conditioning and lights did not open today.

The Cuban Electric company announced late today that damage was more extensive than first estimated and that possibly forty-eight hours would be required to repair it. The downtown section of Havana was blacked out tonight as authorities strove to prevent further bombings and sabotage. Automobile and pedestrian traffic ceased. All cafes, bars, night clubs and motion picture theatres in the section were closed. Powerful searchlights at the Cabana fortress across the bay from Havana were turned on the city to aid the police in maintaining order.

In the Vedado residential section a bomb exploded at an intersection, damaging two automobiles parked near by and the home of Dr. Andres Morales del Castillo, Secretary to the President.